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[v4,5/5] guides/rawdevs: add description of ofs in ifpga doc

Message ID 1653640433-5066-6-git-send-email-wei.huang@intel.com (mailing list archive)
State Superseded
Delegated to: Thomas Monjalon
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Series Support OFS card | expand

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Commit Message

Huang, Wei May 27, 2022, 8:33 a.m. UTC
OFS (Open FPGA Stack) specification is introduced briefly.

Signed-off-by: Wei Huang <wei.huang@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Rosen Xu <rosen.xu@intel.com>
---
v2: update description per Tianfei's comment
---
 doc/guides/rawdevs/ifpga.rst | 105 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 104 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Comments

Zhang, Tianfei May 31, 2022, 12:24 a.m. UTC | #1
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Huang, Wei <wei.huang@intel.com>
> Sent: Friday, May 27, 2022 4:34 PM
> To: dev@dpdk.org; thomas@monjalon.net; nipun.gupta@nxp.com;
> hemant.agrawal@nxp.com
> Cc: stable@dpdk.org; Xu, Rosen <rosen.xu@intel.com>; Zhang, Tianfei
> <tianfei.zhang@intel.com>; Zhang, Qi Z <qi.z.zhang@intel.com>; Huang, Wei
> <wei.huang@intel.com>
> Subject: [PATCH v4 5/5] guides/rawdevs: add description of ofs in ifpga doc
> 
> OFS (Open FPGA Stack) specification is introduced briefly.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Wei Huang <wei.huang@intel.com>
> Reviewed-by: Rosen Xu <rosen.xu@intel.com>
> ---
> v2: update description per Tianfei's comment
> ---
>  doc/guides/rawdevs/ifpga.rst | 105
> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 104 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/doc/guides/rawdevs/ifpga.rst b/doc/guides/rawdevs/ifpga.rst index
> dbd0d6e..3dce57a 100644
> --- a/doc/guides/rawdevs/ifpga.rst
> +++ b/doc/guides/rawdevs/ifpga.rst
> @@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
>  ..  SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
> -    Copyright(c) 2018 Intel Corporation.
> +    Copyright(c) 2018-2022 Intel Corporation.
> 
>  IFPGA Rawdev Driver
>  ======================
> @@ -100,3 +100,106 @@ The following device parameters are supported:
> 
>    If null, the AFU Bit Stream has been PR in FPGA, if not forces PR and
>    identifies AFU Bit Stream file.
> +
> +
> +Open FPGA Stack
> +=====================
> +
> +Open FPGA Stack (OFS) is a collection of RTL and open source software
> +providing interfaces to access the instantiated RTL easily in an FPGA.
> +OFS leverages the DFL for the implementation of the FPGA RTL design.
> +
> +OFS designs allow for the arrangement of software interfaces across
> +multiple PCIe endpoints. Some of these interfaces may be PFs defined in
> +the static region that connect to interfaces in an IP that is loaded via Partial
> Reconfiguration (PR).
> +And some of these interfaces may be VFs defined in the PR region that
> +can be reconfigured by the end-user. Furthermore, these PFs/VFs may use
> +DFLs such that features may be discovered and accessed in user space
> +with the aid of a generic kernel driver like vfio-pci. The diagram
> +below depicts an example design with one PF and two VFs. In this
> +example, it will export the management functions via PF0 and
> +acceleration functions via VF0 and VF1, leverage VFIO to export the MMIO
> space to an application.::
> +
> +     +-----------------+  +-------------+  +------------+
> +     | FPGA Management |  |  DPDK App   |  |  User App  |
> +     |      App        |  |             |  |            |
> +     +--------+--------+  +------+------+  +-----+------+
> +              |                  |               |
> +     +--------+--------+  +------+------+        |
> +     |IFPGA PMD driver |  |AFU MF driver|        |
> +     +--------+--------+  +------+------+        |
> +              |                  |               |
> +     +--------+------------------+---------------+------+
> +     |                VFIO-PCI                          |
> +     +--------+------------------+---------------+------+
> +              |                  |               |
> +     +--------+--------+  +------+------+   +----+------+
> +     |       PF0       |  |   PF0_VF0   |   |  PF0_VF1  |
> +     +-----------------+  +-------------+   +-----------+
> +
> +As accelerators are specialized hardware, they are typically limited in
> +the number installed in a given system. Many use cases require them to
> +be shared across multiple software contexts or threads of software
> +execution, either through partitioning of individual dedicated
> +resources, or virtualization of shared resources. OFS provides several
> +models to share the AFU resources via PR mechanism and hardware-based
> virtualization schemes.
> +
> +1. Legacy model.
> +   With legacy model FPGA cards like Intel PAC N3000 or N5000, there is
> +   a notion that the boundary between the AFU and the shell is also the unit of
> +   PR for those FPGA platforms. This model is only able to handle a
> +   single context, because it only has one PR engine, and one PR region which
> +   has an associated Port device.
> +2. Multiple VFs per PR slot.
> +   In this model, available AFU resources may allow instantiation of many VFs
> +   which have a dedicated PCIe function with their own dedicated MMIO space,
> or
> +   partition a region of MMIO space on a single PCIe function. Intel PAC N6000
> +   card has implemented this model.
> +   In this model, the AFU/PR slot was not connected to port device. For DFL's
> view,
> +   the Next_AFU pointer in FIU feature header of port device points to NULL in
> this
> +   model. On the other hand, each VF can start with an AFU feature header
> without
> +   being connected to a FIU Port feature header.
> +
> +The VFs are created through the Linux kernel driver before we use them in
> DPDK.
> +
> +OFS provides the diversity for accessing the AFU resource to RTL developer.
> +An IP designer may choose to add more than one PF for interfacing with
> +IP on the FPGA and choose different model to access the AFU resource.
> +
> +There is one reference architecture design using the "Multiple VFs per PR slot"
> +model for OFS as illustrated below. In this reference design, it
> +exports the FPGA management functions via PF0. PF1 will bind with DPDK
> +virtio driver presenting itself as a network interface to the
> +application. PF2 will bind to the vfio-pci driver allowing the user
> +space software to discover and interface with the specific workload
> +like diagnostic test. It leverages AFU PMD driver to access the AFU resources in
> DPDK.::
> +
> +                              +----------------------+
> +                              |   PF/VF mux/demux    |
> +                              +--+--+-----+------+-+-+
> +                                 |  |     |      | |
> +        +------------------------+  |     |      | |
> +  PF0   |                 +---------+   +-+      | |
> +    +---+---+             |         +---+----+   | |
> +    |  DFH  |             |         |   DFH  |   | |
> +    +-------+       +-----+----+    +--------+   | |
> +    |  FME  |       |  VirtIO  |    |  Test  |   | |
> +    +---+---+       +----------+    +--------+   | |
> +        |                PF1            PF2      | |
> +        |                                        | |
> +        |                             +----------+ |
> +        |                             |           ++
> +        |                             |           |
> +        |                             | PF0_VF0   | PF0_VF1
> +        |           +-----------------+-----------+------------+
> +        |           |           +-----+-----------+--------+   |
> +        |           |           |     |           |        |   |
> +        |           | +------+  |  +--+ -+     +--+---+    |   |
> +        |           | | Port |  |  | DFH |     |  DFH |    |   |
> +        +-----------+ +------+  |  +-----+     +------+    |   |
> +                    |           |  | DEV |     |  DEV |    |   |
> +                    |           |  +-----+     +------+    |   |
> +                    |           |            PR Slot       |   |
> +                    |           +--------------------------+   |
> +                    | Port Gasket                              |
> +                    +------------------------------------------+
> --
> 1.8.3.1

Hi Wei,

It looks good for me, you can add:
Acked-by: Tianfei Zhang <tianfei.zhang@intel.com>
Zhang, Tianfei June 6, 2022, 6:45 a.m. UTC | #2
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Huang, Wei <wei.huang@intel.com>
> Sent: Friday, May 27, 2022 4:34 PM
> To: dev@dpdk.org; thomas@monjalon.net; nipun.gupta@nxp.com;
> hemant.agrawal@nxp.com
> Cc: stable@dpdk.org; Xu, Rosen <rosen.xu@intel.com>; Zhang, Tianfei
> <tianfei.zhang@intel.com>; Zhang, Qi Z <qi.z.zhang@intel.com>; Huang, Wei
> <wei.huang@intel.com>
> Subject: [PATCH v4 5/5] guides/rawdevs: add description of ofs in ifpga doc
> 
> OFS (Open FPGA Stack) specification is introduced briefly.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Wei Huang <wei.huang@intel.com>
> Reviewed-by: Rosen Xu <rosen.xu@intel.com>
> ---
> v2: update description per Tianfei's comment
> ---
>  doc/guides/rawdevs/ifpga.rst | 105
> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 104 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/doc/guides/rawdevs/ifpga.rst b/doc/guides/rawdevs/ifpga.rst index
> dbd0d6e..3dce57a 100644
> --- a/doc/guides/rawdevs/ifpga.rst
> +++ b/doc/guides/rawdevs/ifpga.rst
> @@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
>  ..  SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
> -    Copyright(c) 2018 Intel Corporation.
> +    Copyright(c) 2018-2022 Intel Corporation.
> 
>  IFPGA Rawdev Driver
>  ======================
> @@ -100,3 +100,106 @@ The following device parameters are supported:
> 
>    If null, the AFU Bit Stream has been PR in FPGA, if not forces PR and
>    identifies AFU Bit Stream file.
> +
> +
> +Open FPGA Stack
> +=====================
> +
> +Open FPGA Stack (OFS) is a collection of RTL and open source software
> +providing interfaces to access the instantiated RTL easily in an FPGA.
> +OFS leverages the DFL for the implementation of the FPGA RTL design.
> +
> +OFS designs allow for the arrangement of software interfaces across
> +multiple PCIe endpoints. Some of these interfaces may be PFs defined in
> +the static region that connect to interfaces in an IP that is loaded via Partial
> Reconfiguration (PR).
> +And some of these interfaces may be VFs defined in the PR region that
> +can be reconfigured by the end-user. Furthermore, these PFs/VFs may use
> +DFLs such that features may be discovered and accessed in user space
> +with the aid of a generic kernel driver like vfio-pci. The diagram
> +below depicts an example design with one PF and two VFs. In this
> +example, it will export the management functions via PF0 and
> +acceleration functions via VF0 and VF1, leverage VFIO to export the MMIO
> space to an application.::
> +
> +     +-----------------+  +-------------+  +------------+
> +     | FPGA Management |  |  DPDK App   |  |  User App  |
> +     |      App        |  |             |  |            |
> +     +--------+--------+  +------+------+  +-----+------+
> +              |                  |               |
> +     +--------+--------+  +------+------+        |
> +     |IFPGA PMD driver |  |AFU MF driver|        |
> +     +--------+--------+  +------+------+        |
> +              |                  |               |
> +     +--------+------------------+---------------+------+
> +     |                VFIO-PCI                          |
> +     +--------+------------------+---------------+------+
> +              |                  |               |
> +     +--------+--------+  +------+------+   +----+------+
> +     |       PF0       |  |   PF0_VF0   |   |  PF0_VF1  |
> +     +-----------------+  +-------------+   +-----------+
> +
> +As accelerators are specialized hardware, they are typically limited in
> +the number installed in a given system. Many use cases require them to
> +be shared across multiple software contexts or threads of software
> +execution, either through partitioning of individual dedicated
> +resources, or virtualization of shared resources. OFS provides several
> +models to share the AFU resources via PR mechanism and hardware-based
> virtualization schemes.
> +
> +1. Legacy model.
> +   With legacy model FPGA cards like Intel PAC N3000 or N5000, there is
> +   a notion that the boundary between the AFU and the shell is also the unit of
> +   PR for those FPGA platforms. This model is only able to handle a
> +   single context, because it only has one PR engine, and one PR region which
> +   has an associated Port device.
> +2. Multiple VFs per PR slot.
> +   In this model, available AFU resources may allow instantiation of many VFs
> +   which have a dedicated PCIe function with their own dedicated MMIO space,
> or
> +   partition a region of MMIO space on a single PCIe function. Intel PAC N6000
> +   card has implemented this model.
> +   In this model, the AFU/PR slot was not connected to port device. For DFL's
> view,
> +   the Next_AFU pointer in FIU feature header of port device points to NULL in
> this
> +   model. On the other hand, each VF can start with an AFU feature header
> without
> +   being connected to a FIU Port feature header.
> +
> +The VFs are created through the Linux kernel driver before we use them in
> DPDK.
> +
> +OFS provides the diversity for accessing the AFU resource to RTL developer.
> +An IP designer may choose to add more than one PF for interfacing with
> +IP on the FPGA and choose different model to access the AFU resource.
> +
> +There is one reference architecture design using the "Multiple VFs per PR slot"
> +model for OFS as illustrated below. In this reference design, it
> +exports the FPGA management functions via PF0. PF1 will bind with DPDK
> +virtio driver presenting itself as a network interface to the
> +application. PF2 will bind to the vfio-pci driver allowing the user
> +space software to discover and interface with the specific workload
> +like diagnostic test. It leverages AFU PMD driver to access the AFU resources in
> DPDK.::
> +
> +                              +----------------------+
> +                              |   PF/VF mux/demux    |
> +                              +--+--+-----+------+-+-+
> +                                 |  |     |      | |
> +        +------------------------+  |     |      | |
> +  PF0   |                 +---------+   +-+      | |
> +    +---+---+             |         +---+----+   | |
> +    |  DFH  |             |         |   DFH  |   | |
> +    +-------+       +-----+----+    +--------+   | |
> +    |  FME  |       |  VirtIO  |    |  Test  |   | |
> +    +---+---+       +----------+    +--------+   | |
> +        |                PF1            PF2      | |
> +        |                                        | |
> +        |                             +----------+ |
> +        |                             |           ++
> +        |                             |           |
> +        |                             | PF0_VF0   | PF0_VF1
> +        |           +-----------------+-----------+------------+
> +        |           |           +-----+-----------+--------+   |
> +        |           |           |     |           |        |   |
> +        |           | +------+  |  +--+ -+     +--+---+    |   |
> +        |           | | Port |  |  | DFH |     |  DFH |    |   |
> +        +-----------+ +------+  |  +-----+     +------+    |   |
> +                    |           |  | DEV |     |  DEV |    |   |
> +                    |           |  +-----+     +------+    |   |
> +                    |           |            PR Slot       |   |
> +                    |           +--------------------------+   |
> +                    | Port Gasket                              |
> +                    +------------------------------------------+
> --
It looks good for me, you can add:
Acked-by: Tianfei Zhang <tianfei.zhang@intel.com>
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/doc/guides/rawdevs/ifpga.rst b/doc/guides/rawdevs/ifpga.rst
index dbd0d6e..3dce57a 100644
--- a/doc/guides/rawdevs/ifpga.rst
+++ b/doc/guides/rawdevs/ifpga.rst
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@ 
 ..  SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
-    Copyright(c) 2018 Intel Corporation.
+    Copyright(c) 2018-2022 Intel Corporation.
 
 IFPGA Rawdev Driver
 ======================
@@ -100,3 +100,106 @@  The following device parameters are supported:
 
   If null, the AFU Bit Stream has been PR in FPGA, if not forces PR and
   identifies AFU Bit Stream file.
+
+
+Open FPGA Stack
+=====================
+
+Open FPGA Stack (OFS) is a collection of RTL and open source software providing
+interfaces to access the instantiated RTL easily in an FPGA. OFS leverages the
+DFL for the implementation of the FPGA RTL design.
+
+OFS designs allow for the arrangement of software interfaces across multiple
+PCIe endpoints. Some of these interfaces may be PFs defined in the static region
+that connect to interfaces in an IP that is loaded via Partial Reconfiguration (PR).
+And some of these interfaces may be VFs defined in the PR region that can be
+reconfigured by the end-user. Furthermore, these PFs/VFs may use DFLs such that
+features may be discovered and accessed in user space with the aid of a generic
+kernel driver like vfio-pci. The diagram below depicts an example design with one
+PF and two VFs. In this example, it will export the management functions via PF0
+and acceleration functions via VF0 and VF1, leverage VFIO to export the MMIO space
+to an application.::
+
+     +-----------------+  +-------------+  +------------+
+     | FPGA Management |  |  DPDK App   |  |  User App  |
+     |      App        |  |             |  |            |
+     +--------+--------+  +------+------+  +-----+------+
+              |                  |               |
+     +--------+--------+  +------+------+        |
+     |IFPGA PMD driver |  |AFU MF driver|        |
+     +--------+--------+  +------+------+        |
+              |                  |               |
+     +--------+------------------+---------------+------+
+     |                VFIO-PCI                          |
+     +--------+------------------+---------------+------+
+              |                  |               |
+     +--------+--------+  +------+------+   +----+------+
+     |       PF0       |  |   PF0_VF0   |   |  PF0_VF1  |
+     +-----------------+  +-------------+   +-----------+
+
+As accelerators are specialized hardware, they are typically limited in the
+number installed in a given system. Many use cases require them to be shared
+across multiple software contexts or threads of software execution, either
+through partitioning of individual dedicated resources, or virtualization of
+shared resources. OFS provides several models to share the AFU resources via
+PR mechanism and hardware-based virtualization schemes.
+
+1. Legacy model.
+   With legacy model FPGA cards like Intel PAC N3000 or N5000, there is
+   a notion that the boundary between the AFU and the shell is also the unit of
+   PR for those FPGA platforms. This model is only able to handle a
+   single context, because it only has one PR engine, and one PR region which
+   has an associated Port device.
+2. Multiple VFs per PR slot.
+   In this model, available AFU resources may allow instantiation of many VFs
+   which have a dedicated PCIe function with their own dedicated MMIO space, or
+   partition a region of MMIO space on a single PCIe function. Intel PAC N6000
+   card has implemented this model.
+   In this model, the AFU/PR slot was not connected to port device. For DFL's view,
+   the Next_AFU pointer in FIU feature header of port device points to NULL in this
+   model. On the other hand, each VF can start with an AFU feature header without
+   being connected to a FIU Port feature header.
+
+The VFs are created through the Linux kernel driver before we use them in DPDK.
+
+OFS provides the diversity for accessing the AFU resource to RTL developer.
+An IP designer may choose to add more than one PF for interfacing with IP
+on the FPGA and choose different model to access the AFU resource.
+
+There is one reference architecture design using the "Multiple VFs per PR slot"
+model for OFS as illustrated below. In this reference design, it exports the
+FPGA management functions via PF0. PF1 will bind with DPDK virtio driver
+presenting itself as a network interface to the application. PF2 will bind to the
+vfio-pci driver allowing the user space software to discover and interface
+with the specific workload like diagnostic test. It leverages AFU PMD driver to
+access the AFU resources in DPDK.::
+
+                              +----------------------+
+                              |   PF/VF mux/demux    |
+                              +--+--+-----+------+-+-+
+                                 |  |     |      | |
+        +------------------------+  |     |      | |
+  PF0   |                 +---------+   +-+      | |
+    +---+---+             |         +---+----+   | |
+    |  DFH  |             |         |   DFH  |   | |
+    +-------+       +-----+----+    +--------+   | |
+    |  FME  |       |  VirtIO  |    |  Test  |   | |
+    +---+---+       +----------+    +--------+   | |
+        |                PF1            PF2      | |
+        |                                        | |
+        |                             +----------+ |
+        |                             |           ++
+        |                             |           |
+        |                             | PF0_VF0   | PF0_VF1
+        |           +-----------------+-----------+------------+
+        |           |           +-----+-----------+--------+   |
+        |           |           |     |           |        |   |
+        |           | +------+  |  +--+ -+     +--+---+    |   |
+        |           | | Port |  |  | DFH |     |  DFH |    |   |
+        +-----------+ +------+  |  +-----+     +------+    |   |
+                    |           |  | DEV |     |  DEV |    |   |
+                    |           |  +-----+     +------+    |   |
+                    |           |            PR Slot       |   |
+                    |           +--------------------------+   |
+                    | Port Gasket                              |
+                    +------------------------------------------+