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[dpdk-dev,v2,3/3] doc: update timer lib docs

Message ID 1503692879-16320-1-git-send-email-erik.g.carrillo@intel.com (mailing list archive)
State Superseded, archived
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Commit Message

Carrillo, Erik G Aug. 25, 2017, 8:27 p.m. UTC
This change updates the timer library documentation to
reflect a change to the organization of the skiplists
in the implementation.

Signed-off-by: Gabriel Carrillo <erik.g.carrillo@intel.com>
---
 doc/guides/prog_guide/timer_lib.rst | 19 ++++++++++---------
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
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Patch

diff --git a/doc/guides/prog_guide/timer_lib.rst b/doc/guides/prog_guide/timer_lib.rst
index f437417..f94ffaa 100644
--- a/doc/guides/prog_guide/timer_lib.rst
+++ b/doc/guides/prog_guide/timer_lib.rst
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@ 
 ..  BSD LICENSE
-    Copyright(c) 2010-2014 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
+    Copyright(c) 2010-2017 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
     All rights reserved.
 
     Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
@@ -53,16 +53,17 @@  Refer to the `callout manual <http://www.daemon-systems.org/man/callout.9.html>`
 Implementation Details
 ----------------------
 
-Timers are tracked on a per-lcore basis,
-with all pending timers for a core being maintained in order of timer expiry in a skiplist data structure.
-The skiplist used has ten levels and each entry in the table appears in each level with probability ¼^level.
+Timers are tracked in a per-lcore array of skiplist data structures; each
+lcore has one skiplist corresponding to each other lcore that could load a timer on it. All pending
+timers in each skiplist are maintained in order of timer expiry.
+Each skiplist has ten levels and each entry in the table appears in each level with probability ¼^level.
 This means that all entries are present in level 0, 1 in every 4 entries is present at level 1,
 one in every 16 at level 2 and so on up to level 9.
 This means that adding and removing entries from the timer list for a core can be done in log(n) time,
 up to 4^10 entries, that is, approximately 1,000,000 timers per lcore.
 
 A timer structure contains a special field called status,
-which is a union of a timer state (stopped, pending, running, config) and an owner (lcore id).
+which is a union of a timer state (stopped, pending, running, config), an installer (lcore id), and an owner (lcore id).
 Depending on the timer state, we know if a timer is present in a list or not:
 
 *   STOPPED: no owner, not in a list
@@ -77,17 +78,17 @@  Resetting or stopping a timer while it is in a CONFIG or RUNNING state is not al
 When modifying the state of a timer,
 a Compare And Swap instruction should be used to guarantee that the status (state+owner) is modified atomically.
 
-Inside the rte_timer_manage() function,
-the skiplist is used as a regular list by iterating along the level 0 list, which contains all timer entries,
+Inside the rte_timer_manage() function, each of an lcore's skiplists is traversed in sequence.
+Each skiplist is used as a regular list by iterating along the level 0 list, which contains all timer entries,
 until an entry which has not yet expired has been encountered.
-To improve performance in the case where there are entries in the timer list but none of those timers have yet expired,
+To improve performance in the case where there are entries in a skiplist but none of those timers have yet expired,
 the expiry time of the first list entry is maintained within the per-core timer list structure itself.
 On 64-bit platforms, this value can be checked without the need to take a lock on the overall structure.
 (Since expiry times are maintained as 64-bit values,
 a check on the value cannot be done on 32-bit platforms without using either a compare-and-swap (CAS) instruction or using a lock,
 so this additional check is skipped in favor of checking as normal once the lock has been taken.)
 On both 64-bit and 32-bit platforms,
-a call to rte_timer_manage() returns without taking a lock in the case where the timer list for the calling core is empty.
+rte_timer_manage() can continue on to an lcore's next skiplist without taking a lock in the case where a timer list is empty.
 
 Use Cases
 ---------